Treatment of Sinusitis
Acute sinusitis is a medical condition resulting from the inflammation and swelling of the tissue lining the nose and nasal sinuses. It can be caused by a viral, bacterial or fungal infection. The symptoms of sinusitis include runny nose with thick, yellow or green mucus, facial pressure, pain or fullness, a bad smell in the mouth (halitosis) and headache. If left untreated, complications may arise such as the formation of abscesses, which require emergency care.비염치료
Treatment of sinusitis depends on the underlying cause and how long the symptoms have been present. Antibiotics are standard treatment for bacterial infections of the sinuses. Antibiotics usually take between 3 to 28 days to be effective. However, overuse of antibiotics has contributed to a rise in antibiotic resistance rates. For this reason, it is important that antibiotics be used only when they are needed.
People can help reduce their chances of getting sinus infections by avoiding exposure to allergens that trigger them. These can include cigarette smoke, strong odors, perfumes and cleaning products. They should also make sure to get enough sleep and exercise regularly. Those with chronic sinusitis can try over-the-counter medications such as saline nasal irrigation sprays, nasal steroids and oral antihistamines to relieve symptoms.
If sinusitis does not respond to over-the-counter treatments, people can see a specialist for advice and treatment. A doctor will ask about the symptoms and perform a physical examination. They might also take a nasal swab to check for bacteria and other germs. They might recommend a CT scan or an endoscope — a small, lighted instrument for looking inside the nose.
Other treatments include a warm compress on the face to ease pain and pressure. Drinking plenty of fluids is also helpful to thin the mucus and help it drain. Over-the-counter nasal decongestants may also help, but it is important to use them sparingly, as they can cause rebound congestion. It is best to avoid over-the-counter nasal decongestants containing pseudoephedrine, as these can cause a dangerous buildup of pressure in the blood vessels of the brain.
For some people, alternative therapies like acupuncture and sinus massage may be helpful in relieving symptoms of sinusitis. In addition, keeping the sinuses moist can be helpful by using vaporizers and humidifiers.
Those with persistent or recurrent sinus problems might benefit from surgery, which can address structural issues that contribute to sinus blockage. At Penn Medicine Becker ENT & Allergy Center in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, patients can receive sinus surgery to help with symptoms such as sinus drainage, pain, sinus pressure, obstructed vision and snoring. They can also have their sinus ostia opened, which helps with natural sinus drainage and restores normal mucus flow. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia in a doctor’s office or outpatient surgical facility. The procedure is often covered by health insurance plans, and the surgeon can provide a financial estimate before the surgery. It is often possible to return home the same day.라경찬한의원